Subject: Tort
Through the OpenLaw Project BAILII seeks, with the assistance of law lecturers and library staff at the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, to identify cas es from the past and to make these freely and openly available on the internet to support legal education.

This list was created on the 25th of February 2021. It was compiled by Professor Rachael Mulheron, Professor of Tort Law and Civil Justice, Queen Mary University of London.

Suggestions for additions to this list of leading cases and/or comments on the list can be sent to openlaw@bailii.org. You will appreciate that it is not feasible to add many additional cases and that copyright restrictions may prevent the inclusion of some cases on the existing list.

A list created in 2006 is archived here.
Case Citation Nutshell descriptor




1 A v Hoare [2008] EWHC 1573 (QB) the extension of limitation periods for assault and battery




2 A v National Blood Authority (No. 2) [2001] EWHC QB 446 interpretation of the Consumer Protection Act 1987




3 AAA v Associated Newspapers Ltd [2013] EWCA Civ 554 the right to privacy




4 AB v Leeds Teaching Hosp NHS Trust [2004] EWHC 644 (QB)
[2005] QB 506
[2005] 2 WLR 358
[2004] 2 FLR 365
[2004] 3 FCR 324
[2005] Lloyd's Rep Med 1
(2004) 77 BMLR 145
[2004] Fam Law 501
the 'elevated primary victim' in negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury




5 AB v MOD (the Atomic Veterans case) [2012] UKSC 9
[2013] 1 AC 78
[2012] 2 WLR 643
[2012] 3 All ER 673
[2012] PIQR P13
[2012] Med LR 306
(2012) 125 BMLR 69
the accrual of a cause of action in Tort




6 AB v South West Water Services Ltd 1993 the availability of exemplary damages




7 ABC v St George's Healthcare NHS Trust [2017] EWCA Civ 336
[2020] EWHC 455 (QB)
duty of care in negligence, and the genetic transmission of disease




8 Adams v Rhymney Valley DC [2000] EWCA Civ 3035 the application of the Bolam test to 'non-professionals'




9 Airedale NHS Trust v Bland [1993] UKHL 17 battery, and withholding life-saving treatment




10 Alcock v CC of South Yorkshire Police 1992 secondary victims in negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury




11 Allied Maples Group Ltd v Simmons and Simmons [1995] EWCA Civ 17 loss of economic opportunities in negligence




12 Armes v Nottinghamshire CC [2017] UKSC 60
[2018] AC 355
[2017] 3 WLR 1000
[2018] 1 All ER 1
[2017] PTSR 1382
[2018] 1 FLR 329
(2017) 20 CCL Rep 417
[2018] PIQR P4
non-delegable duties of care




13 Arthur JS Hall & Co v Simons [2002] 1 AC 615
[2000] 3 WLR 543
[2000] 3 All ER 673
[2000] BLR 407
[2000] ECC 487
[2000] 2 FLR 545
[2000] 2 FCR 673
duties of care owed by barristers




14 Ashley v CC of Sussex Police [2008] EWHC 3151 (QB)
[2009] Po LR 12
assault and battery




15 Attia v British Gas plc 1987 negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury, and property damage




16 Austin v Commr of Police [2009] UKHL 5
[2009] 1 AC 564
[2009] 2 WLR 372
[2009] 3 All ER 455
[2009] HRLR 16
[2009] UKHRR 581
26 BHRC 642
false imprisonment




17 Badger v Ministry of Defence [2005] EWHC 2941 (QB)
[2006] 3 All ER 173
(2006) 91 BMLR 1
contributory negligence




18 Bailey v Ministry of Defence [2008] EWCA Civ 883
[2009] 1 WLR 1052
[2008] LS Law Medical 481
(2008) 103 BMLR 134
negligence, causation, and material contribution to damage




19 Baker v Quantum Clothing Group Ltd [2011] UKSC 17
[2011] 1 WLR 1003
[2011] 4 All ER 223
[2011] ICR 523
breach of statutory duty




20 Baker v TE Hopkins & Son Ltd 1959 'good Samaritans', and duty of care to rescuers




21 Baker v Willoughby 1970 causation, and successive tortfeasors




22 Banca Nazionale del Lavoro SPA (BNL) v Playboy Club London Ltd [2018] EWCA Civ 2025
[2019] LLR 90
negligent misstatement, and negligent provision of services causing economic loss




23 Barber v Somerset [2004] UKHL 13 stress-at-work claimants




24 Barclays Bank plc v Various Claimants [2020] UKSC 13
[2020] AC 973
[2020] 2 WLR 960
[2020] 4 All ER 19
[2020] ICR 893
[2020] IRLR 481
vicarious liability




25 Barker v Corus (UK) Ltd [2006] UKHL 20
[2006] 2 AC 572
[2006] 2 WLR 1027
[2006] 3 All ER 785
[2006] ICR 809
[2006] PIQR P26
(2006) 89 BMLR 1
causation, and a material contribution to risk




26 Barnett v Chelsea and Kensington HMC 1969 proof of a causal link in negligence




27 Barr v Biffa Waste Services Ltd [2012] EWCA Civ 312 private nuisance




28 Barrett v Enfield BC [1999] UKHL 25 public authority duty of care towards children (social welfare services)




29 Beesley v New Century Group Ltd [2008] EWHC 3033 (QB) assessments under the Fatal Accidents Act 1976




30 Berezovsky v Abramovich [2011] EWCA Civ 153 intimidation




31 Berkoff v Burchill [1996] EWCA Civ 564 identifying defamatory imputations




32 Bici v Ministry of Defence [2004] EWHC 786 (QB) interplay between battery and negligence




33 Bishara v Sheffield Teaching Hospital NHS Trust [2007] EWCA Civ 353 liability of alleged 'bad Samaritans' in negligence




34 Blyth v Birmingham Waterworks Co [1856] EWHC Exch J65
156 ER 1047
defining breach in negligence




35 Bolam v Friern Hospital Management Committee 1957 proving breach in professional negligence




36 Bolitho v City and Hackney HA [1997] UKHL 46 testing the rationality and logic of Bolam evidence




37 Bolton v Stone 1951 assessing reasonable precautionary steps in negligence




38 Bonnington Castings Ltd v Wardlaw 1956 causation, and material contribution to damage




39 Bourhill (or Hay) v Young 1943 negligent infliction of psychiatric injury (secondary victims)




40 Bournewood Mental Health NHS Trust, ex parte L [1999] 1 AC 458
[1998] 3 WLR 107
[1998] 3 All ER 289
[1998] 2 FLR 550
[1998] 2 FCR 501
(1997-98) 1 CCL Rep 390
(1998) 44 BMLR 1
false imprisonment and medical treatment




41 Breslin v McKenna [2011] NICA 33 battery




42 British Chiropractic Association v Singh [2010] EWCA Civ 350
[2011] 1 WLR 133
defamation, and the (previous) defence of fair comment




43 Brooks v Metropolitan Police Commr [2005] UKHL 24 negligence, and duty of care (police)




44 Cambridge Water Co v Eastern Counties Leather plc [2009] EWHC 1944 (TCC)
[1993] UKHL 12
private nuisance; and the rule in Rylands v Fletcher




45 Campbell v MGN Ltd [2004] UKHL 22
[2004] 2 AC 457
[2004] 2 WLR 1232
[2004] 2 All ER 995
privacy; and the misuse of private information




46 Caparo Industries plc v Dickman 1990 negligent misstatement, and duty of care




47 Capital and Counties plc v Hampshire CC [1997] EWCA Civ 3091 public authority liability (the fire brigade)




48 Carmarthenshire CC v Lewis 1955 duty of care in negligence (injuries caused by third parties)




49 Cartledge v E Jopling & Sons Ltd [1963] AC 758
[1963] 2 WLR 210
[1963] 1 All ER 341
[1963] 1 Lloyd's Rep 1
de minimis damage in negligence




50 Cassidy v Daily Mirror Newspapers 1929 defamation, and a true (legal) innuendo




51 Cassidy v Ministry of Health 1951 the doctrine of res ipsa loquitur in medical negligence




52 Catholic Child Welfare Society v Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (Child Welfare Society) [2012] UKSC 56
[2013] 2 AC 1
[2012] 3 WLR 1319
[2013] 1 All ER 670
vicarious liability




53 Cattle v Stockton Waterworks Co 1974 the exclusionary rule and pure economic loss




54 Cattley v St John Ambulance Brigade 87 NJ 1140/1986 C 133,
QBD JUDGE PROSSER QC
25 November 1988
liability of 'good Samaritans' in negligence




55 Charleston v News Group Newspapers Ltd [1995] UKHL 6 defamation, and defamatory imputations




56 Chaudhry v Prabhakar [1989] 1 WLR 29
[1988] 3 All ER 718
negligent misstatements in a social setting




57 Chester v Afshar [2004] UKHL 41 causation in negligence




58 Chubb Fire Ltd v Vicar of Spalding [2010] EWCA Civ 981 intervening acts re causation in negligence




59 Clunis v Camden and Islington HA [1997] EWCA Civ 2918 the illegality defence in illegality




60 Collins v Wilcock [1984] 1 WLR 1172
[1984] 3 All ER 374
assault and battery




61 Corby Group Litigation v Corby DC [2008] EWCA Civ 463
[2009] EWHC 1944 (TCC)
public nuisance 2008 and 2009 2 cases




62 Cornwall Gardens Ltd v RO Garrard & Co Ltd [2001] EWCA Civ 699 malicious (injurious) falsehood




63 Corr v IBC Vehicles Ltd [2008] UKHL 13
[2008] 1 AC 884
[2008] 2 WLR 499
[2008] 2 All ER 943
negligence, intervening acts, and suicide




64 Coventry v Lawrence [2014] UKSC 46 private nuisance




65 Cox v Ministry of Justice [2016] UKSC 10 vicarious liability




66 Cranford Community College v Cranford College Ltd [2014] EWHC 2999 (IPEC) passing-off




67 Crawford v Jenkins [2014] EWCA Civ 1035
[2016] QB 231
[2015] 3 WLR 843
[2015] 1 All ER 476
malicious procurement of a search warrant




68 Crawford Adjusters v Sagicor General Insurance (Cayman) Ltd [2013] UKPC 17
[2014] AC 366
[2013] 3 WLR 927
[2013] 4 All ER 8
abuse of judicial process




69 Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD) Litig, Group B Plaintiffs v UK Medical Research Council [2000] Lloyd's Rep Med 161
(2000) 54 BMLR 92
(1998) 41 BMLR 157
fear-of-the-future claimants in negligence




70 Cross v Kirkby [2000] EWCA Civ 426 battery, and self-defence




71 Cummings v Granger [1977] QB 397
[1976] 3 WLR 842
[1977] 1 All ER 104
liability for injuries caused by animals




72 Customs and Excise Commrs v Barclays Bank plc [2004] EWHC 122 (Comm) negligent provision of services, and pure economic loss




73 D&F estates Ltd v Church Commrs for England 1988 negligence and defective structures




74 Darby v National Trust [2001] EWCA Civ 189 occupiers' liability




75 Darnley v Corydon Health Services NHS Trust [2015] EWHC 2301 (QB) negligent misstatement, and reasonable foreseeability




76 De Freitas v O'Brien [1995] EWCA Civ 28 application of the Bolam test of breach




77 Dennis v Ministry of Defence [2003] EWHC 793 (QB) private nuisance, and remedies




78 Derbyshire CC v Times Newspapers Ltd [1993] AC 534
[1993] 2 WLR 449
[1993] 1 All ER 1011
capacity to sue for defamation




79 Derry v Peek [1889] UKHL 1 deceit (fraudulent misrepresentation)




80 Donoghue v Folkestone Properties Ltd [2003] EWCA Civ 231 occupiers' liability (trespassers)




81 Donoghue v Stevenson [1932] UKHL 100 product liability in negligence; and duty of care




82 Dorset Yacht Co v Home Office [1970] AC 1004
[1970] 2 WLR 1140
[1970] 2 All ER 294
duty of care in negligence (injuries caused by third parties)




83 Douglas v Hello! Ltd [2005] EWCA Civ 595 privacy; and misuse of private information




84 Dubai Aluminium Co Ltd v Salaam [2002] UKHL 48 vicarious liability




85 Duke of Brunswick v Harmer 117 ER 75
(1849) 14 QB 185
the multiple publication rule in defamation




86 East Suffolk Rivers Catchment Board v Kent [1940] UKHL 3 liability of public authorities in negligence




87 Ellison v MOD (1997) 81 BLR 101, private nuisance, and the rule in Rylands v Fletcher




88 F v West Berkshire HA 1990 trespass to the person, and the defence of necessity




89 Fairchild v Glenhaven Funeral Services Ltd [2002] UKHL 22 causation, and material contribution to risk




90 Ferguson v Welsh [1987] UKHL 14 occupiers' liability and employers' liability




91 Flack v Hudson [2001] QB 698
[2001] 2 WLR 982
liability for animals




92 Fowler v Lanning 1958 the interplay between battery (trespass) and negligence (action on the case)




93 Frost (White) v CC of South Yorkshire Police [1999] 2 AC 455
[1998] 3 WLR 1509
[1999] 1 All ER 1
negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury (rescuers)




94 Fytche v Wincanton Logistics plc [2004] UKHL 31 breach of statutory duty




95 Geary v JD Wetherspoon plc [2011] EWHC 1506 (QB) duty of care, contributory negligence




96 Gillick v West Norfolk and Wisbech AHA [1986] AC 112
[1985] 3 WLR 830
[1985] 3 All ER 402
battery, and capacity of a minor to give consent




97 Gillingham BC v Medway (Chatham Docks) Co Ltd 1993 private nuisance, and change of planning permission




98 Glasgow Corp v Muir [1943] AC 448
[1943] 2 All ER 44
1943 SC (HL) 3
1944 SLT 60
standard of care in negligence




99 Goldman v Hargrave [1966] UKPC 12 private nuisance, and negligence (spread of fire)




100 Goodwill v British Pregnancy Advisory Service 1996 duty of care in negligence (future sexual partners)




101 Gorringe v Calderdale MBC [2004] UKHL 15 public authority liability in negligence




102 Grant v Australian Knitting Mills Ltd [1935] UKPC 2
[1935] UKPC 62
product liability in negligence




103 Gray v Thames Trains Ltd [2009] UKHL 33 the defence of illegality




104 Greatorex v Greatorex [2000] EWHC 223 (QB) negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury (duty of care to rescuers)




105 Gregory v Portsmouth CC [2000] UKHL 3 malicious prosecution of criminal proceedings




106 Gregg v Scott [2005] UKHL 2 negligence, causation, and loss of a chance




107 Gwilliam v West Hertfordshire Hospital NHS Trust [2002] EWCA Civ 1041 occupiers' liability and independent contractors




108 Harris v Evans [1998] 1 WLR 1285
[1998] 3 All ER 522
negligent misstatement, and duty of care




109 Hatton v Sutherland [2002] EWCA Civ 76 negligence and stressed-at-work employeees




110 Hayes v Willoughby [2013] UKSC 17 the statutory tort under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997




111 Haynes v Harwood 1935 exceptions to pure omissions liability




112 Hedley Byrne and Co Ltd v Heller and Partners Ltd [1963] UKHL 4 negligent misstatement




113 Henderson v Merrett Syndicates Ltd [1994] UKHL 5 negligent misstatement




114 Hicks v CC of South Yorkshire Police [1991] UKHL 9 negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury (de minimis damage)




115 Hill v CC of West Yorkshire Police 1989 negligence, and duty of care (police)




116 Holbeck Hall Hotel Ltd v Scarborough BC [2000] EWCA civ 51 private nuisance, and failure-to-abate




117 Hollywood Silver Fox Farms Ltd v Emmett 1936 private nuisance and malice




118 Hotson v East Berkshire AHA [1988] UKHL 1 negligence, and causation




119 Hunt v Severs [1994] UKHL 4 damages for gratuitous services




120 Hunter v Canary Wharf Ltd [1997] UKHL 14
[1997] AC 655
[1997] 2 All ER 426
[1997] 2 WLR 684
[1997] 2 FLR 342
[1997] Fam Law 601
private nuisance




121 Hutcheson v NGN Ltd [2011] EWCA Civ 808
[2012] EMLR 2
[2011] UKHRR 1329
privacy




122 Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) Ltd v Shatwell [1964] UKHL 2 negligence, and volenti




123 Iqbal v Dean Manson Solicitors [2011] EWCA Civ 123 the statutory tort under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997




124 Islington LBC v University College London Hospital NHS Trust [2005] EWCA Civ 596 medical negligence, and duty of care




125 Jackson v Murray [2015] UKSC 5 contributory negligence




126 Jameel v Wall Street Journal [2006] UKHL 44 defamation, and public interest privilege




127 James-Bowen v Commr of Police [2018] UKSC 40 negligence, and duty of care (police)




128 Janvier v Sweeney 1919 the tort in Wilkinson v Downton




129 JD v East Berkshire Community Health NHS Trust [2005] UKHL 23 duty of care, and public authority liability




130 Jobling v Associated Dairies Ltd [1981] UKHL 3 negligence, and supervening events




131 Johnston v NEI International Combustion Ltd [2007] UKHL 39 negligence, and compensable injury




132 Jolley v Sutton LBC [2000] UKHL 31 negligence, and remoteness of damage




133 Jones v Kaney [2011] UKSC 13 defamation, and absolute privilege




134 Joseph v Spiller [2010] UKSC 53 defamation, and the defence of honest opinion (fair comment)




135 Kent v Griffiths [2000] EWCA Civ 3017 public authority liability (ambulance services) Original table listed date as 2007 but I think this was an error




136 Keown v Coventry Healthcare NHS Trust [2006] EWCA Civ 39 occupiers' liability




137 Khan v Meadows [2019] EWCA Civ 152 negligence, and remoteness of damage




138 Khoransandjian v Bush 1993 private nuisance,




139 Knightley v Johns [1981] EWCA Civ 6 proof of breach and causation in negligence




140 Kuddus v CC of Leicestershire [2001] UKHL 29 misfeasance in public office, conversion, and exemplary damages




141 Kuwait Airways Corp v Iraqi Airways Co (Nos 4 and 5) [2002] UKHL 19 intervening acts in negligence




142 Lachaux v Independent Print Ltd [2019] UKSC 27 defamation




143 Lagden v O'Connor [2003] UKHL 64 negligence, and 'egg-shell' claimants




144 Lane v Holloway [1967] EWCA Civ 1 battery, and self-defence




145 Lawrence v Pembrokeshire CC [2006] EWHC 1029 (QB liability of public authorities in negligence




146 Leakey v National Trust [1979] EWCA Civ 5 private nuisance, negligence, and abatement




147 Letang v Cooper [1964] EWCA Civ 5 the interplay between battery (trespass) and negligence (action on the case)




148 Levi v Bates [2015] EWCA Civ 206 defamation, and the statutory tort under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997




149 Lewis v Daily Telegraph [1964] 2 QB 601
[1964] 2 WLR 736
[1964] 1 All ER 705
defamation




150 Lister v Hesley Hall Ltd [2001] UKHL 22 vicarious liability




151 Lister v Romford Ice and Cold Storage Co Ltd [1956] UKHL 6 vicarious liability and employee's own liability




152 LMS International Ltd v Styrene Packaging and Insulation Ltd [2005] EWHC 2065 (TCC) the rule in Rylands v Fletcher, and spread of fire




153 Lonrho Ltd v Shell Petroleum co Ltd [1982] AC 173
[1981] 3 WLR 33
[1981] 2 All ER 456
breach of statutory duty




154 Lumba v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2011] UKSC 12 assault, battery and false imprisonment




155 Lumley v Gye 118 ER 749
(1853) 2 El & Bl 216
inducing breach of contract




156 Majrowski v Guy's and T Thomas's NHS Trust [2006] UKHL 34 the statutory tort under the Protection from Harassment Act 1997




157 Malone v Laskey 1907 private nuisance




158 Marc Rich & Co v Bishop Rock Marine Co [1995] UKHL 4 economic loss consequential upon physical loss of property




159 Marcic v Thames Water Utilities Ltd [2003] UKHL 66 private nuisance and statutory authorisation




160 McKay v Essex AHA [1982] QB 1166
[1982] 2 WLR 890
[1982] 2 All ER 771
negligence, and 'wrongful life'




161 McFarlane v Tayside Health Board [1999] UKHL 50 negligence, and 'wrongful conception'




162 McGhee v National Coal Board [1972] UKHL 11 negligence, causation, and material contribution to risk




163 McKew v Holland & Hannen & Cubitts (Scotland) Ltd [1969] UKHL 12 negligence, and intervening acts




164 McLoughlin v O'Brian [1982] UKHL 3 negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury




165 McTear v Imperial Tobacco Ltd 2005 2 SC 1 product liability in negligence (tobacco)




166 McWilliams v Sir William Arrol & Co Ltd [1961] UKHL 8 negligence, and causation




167 Mersey Docks and Harbour Board v Coggins & Griffith (Liverpool) Ltd 1947 vicarious liability and loaned employees




168 Michael v Chief Constable of South Wales Police [2015] UKSC 2 negligence, and duty of care (police)




169 Mirvahedy v Henley [2003] UKHL 16 Liability for animals




170 Mitchell v Glasgow CC [2008] CSIH 19 public authority liability in negligence




171 Mohamud v WM Morrison Supermarkets plc [2016] UKSC 11 vicarious liability




172 Monsato plc v Tilly [1999] EWCA civ 3044 trespass to land




173 Monson v Tausauds [1894] 1 QB 671 defamation




174 Montgomery v Lanarkshire Health Board [2015] UKSC 11 negligence, and a duty to warn




175 Morris v Murray [1990] EWCA Civ 10 negligence, and volenti




176 Murphy v Brentwood DC [1991] UKHL 2 negligence and defective structures




177 Nettleship v Weston [1971] EWCA Civ 6 negligence, and standard of care




178 Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd v Morris (t/a Soundstar Studio) [2004] EWCA Civ 172 private nuisance




179 North Glamorgan NHS Trust v Walters [2002] EWCA Civ 1792 negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury (secondary victims)




180 OBG Ltd v Allan; Douglas v Hello! Ltd [2007] UKHL 21 causing loss by unlawful means; and interference with another's contractual relations




181 OLL Ltd v Secretary of State for Transport 1997 public authority liability in negligence (coastguard)




182 Olotu v Home Office [1996] EWCA Civ 1070 breach of statutory duty




183 Overseas Tankship (UK) Ltd v Morts Dock and Engineering Co Ltd
(Wagon Mound No 2)
[1961] UKPC 2 negligence, and remoteness of damage




184 Overseas Tankship (UK) Ltd v Miller Steamship Co Ltd
(Wagon Mound No 1)
1967 proving breach in negligence




185 Page v Smith [1995] UKHL 7 negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury




186 Palmer v Tees HA [1999] EWCA Civ 1533 duty of care in negligence (third parties who cause injury), and negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury




187 Paris v Stepney BC [1950] UKHL 3 proving breach in negligence




188 Parkinson v St James and Seacroft University Hospital NHS Trust [2001] EWCA Civ 530 negligence, and 'wrongful conception'




189 Patchett v Swimming Pool and Allied Trades Assn Ltd [2009] EWCA Civ 717 negligent misstatement and duty of care




190 Performance Cars Ltd v Abraham [1961] EWCA Civ 3 negligence, and successive tortfeasors




191 Phelps v Hillingdon LBC [2000] UKHL 47 public authority liability in negligence




192 Phillips v Britannia Hygienic Laundry Co Ltd [1923] 2 KB 832
[1923] 1 KB 539
breach of statutory duty




193 Pirelli General Cable Works v Faber [1983] 2 AC 1
[1983] 2 WLR 6
[1983] 1 All ER 65
accrual of the cause of action in tort




194 Pitts v Hunt [1990] EWCA Civ 17 negligence, and the defences of volenti; and illegality




195 Poole BC v GN [2019] UKSC 25 public authority liability in negligence




196 Prison Officers Association v Iqbal (Rev 1) [2009] EWCA Civ 1312 false imprisonment




197 QBE Management Services (UK) Ltd v Dymoke [2012] EWHC 80 (QB conspiracy to injure




198 R v Bournewood Community and Mental Health NHS Trust, ex parte L [1999] 1 AC 458
[1998] 3 WLR 107
[1998] 3 All ER 289
false imprisonment, and the defence of necessity




199 R v Deputy Governor of Parkhurst Prison, ex parte Hague [1991] UKHL 13 breach of statutory duty




200 R v Governor of Brockhill Prison, ex parte Evans [2000] UKHL 48 false imprisonment




201 R v Rimmington; R v Goldstein [2005] UKHL 63 public nuisance




202 Rance v Mid-Downs HA [1991] 1 QB 587
[1991] 2 WLR 159
[1991] 1 All ER 801
negligence, and 'wrongful birth'




203 Ratcliffe v Plymouth and Torbay HA [1998] EWCA Civ 206 the doctrine of res ipsa loquitur




204 Read v J Lyons & Co Ltd [1946] UKHL 2 the rule in Rylands v Fletcher




205 Rees v Darlington Memorial Hospital NHS Trust [2003] UKHL 52 negligence, and 'wrongful conception'




206 Reeves v Commr of Police [1999] UKHL 35 negligence, contributory negligence, and volenti




207 Reilly v Merseyside HA [1994] EWCA Civ 30
(1995) 6 Med LR 246
negligence, and de minimis level of damage




208 Reynolds v Times Newspapers Ltd [1999] UKHL 45 defamation, and public interest privilege




209 Rhind v Astbury Water Park Ltd [2004] EWCA Civ 756 occupiers' liability (visitors)




210 Rhodes v OPO [2015] UKSC 32 the tort of Wilkinson v Downton




211 Richardson v LRC Products Ltd [2000] PIQR P164
[2000] Lloyd's Rep Med 280
(2001) 59 BMLR 185
[2000] CLY 851
product liability under the Consumer Protection Act 1987




212 Robinson v West Yorkshire Police [2018] UKSC 4 negligence, and duty of care (police)




213 Roe v Ministry of Health 1954 non-delegable duties of care




214 Rookes v Barnard [1964] UKHL 1 the availability of exemplary damages




215 Rose v Plenty [1975] EWCA Civ 5 vicarious liability




216 Rowlands v CC of Merseyside Police [2006] EWCA Civ 1773 the availability of aggravated damages




217 Rylands v Fletcher 159 ER 737 the rule in Rylands v Fletcher (the escape of dangerous things)




218 Scott v London and St Katherine's Docks 159 ER 665
[1861-73] All ER Rep 248
the doctrine of res ipsa loquitur




219 Searle v Wallbank [1947] AC 341
[1947] 1 All ER 12
liability for animals




220 Sedleigh-Denfield v O'Callagan [1940] AC 880
[1940] 3 All ER 349
private nuisance




221 Selwood v Durham CC [2012] EWCA Civ 979 negligence, and duty of care (third parties who cause injury)




222 Shakoor v Situ [2001] 1 WLR 410
[2000] 4 All ER 181
negligence, and standard of care




223 Shaw v Kovac [2017] EWCA Civ 1028 meaning of compensatory damages




224 Sidaway v Board of Governors of the Bethlem Royal Hospital [1985] UKHL 1 negligence, and the duty to warn




225 Sienkiewicz v Greif (UK) Ltd [2011] UKSC 10 negligence, causation, and material contribution to risk




226 Smith v Eric S Bush [1990] UKHL 1 negligent misstatement, and duty of care




227 Smith v Leech Brain & Co Ltd 1962 negligence, remoteness, and the 'egg-shell' claimant




228 Smith v Littlewoods Organisation Ltd [1987] AC 241
[1987] 2 WLR 480
[1987] 1 All ER 710
negligence, duty of care, and omissions




229 South Australian Asset Management Corp v York Montagu Ltd 1997 negligence, and remoteness of damage




230 Southport Corp v Esso Petroleum Co Ltd [1954] EWCA Civ 5 private nuisance, trespass to land, and the defence of necessity




231 Spartan Steel and Alloys Ltd v Martin & Co (Contractors) Ltd [1972] EWCA Civ 3 pure economic loss, and the exclusionary rule




232 Spring v Guardian Assurance plc [1995] 2 AC 296
[1994] 3 WLR 354
[1994] 3 All ER 129
negligent misstatement, and duty of care




233 St Helen's Smelting Co v Tipping [1865] UKHL J81 private nuisance




234 Stannard (t/a Wyvern Tyres) v Gore [2012] EWCA Civ 1248 the rule in Rylands v Fletcher (fire)




235 Stark v Post Office [2000] EWCA Civ 64 breach of statutory duty




236 Stocker v Stocker [2019] UKSC 17 defamation




237 Stoke-on-Trent CC v W&J Wass Ltd [1988] 1 WLR 1406
[1988] 3 All ER 394
proprietary torts, and 'user' damages




238 Stone & Rolls Ltd (in liq) v Moore Stephens (a firm) [2007] EWHC 1826 (Comm) negligence, and the defence of illegality




239 Stovin v Wise [1996] UKHL 15 public authority liability in negligence




240 Sturges v Bridgman (1879) 11 Ch D 852 private nuisance (and 'coming to the nuisance')




241 Sutradhar v Natural Environment Research Council [2006] UKHL 33 negligence, and duty of care




242 Tamiz v Google Inc [2012] EWHC 449 (QB) defamation




243 Taylor v A Novo (UK) [2013] EWCA Civ 194 negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury




244 Terry v Persons Unknown [2010] EWHC 119 (QB) privacy; misuse of private information




245 Tesco Stores Ltd v Pollard [2006] EWCA Civ 393 product liability in negligence and under the Consumer Protection Act 1987




246 Tomlinson v Congleton BC [2003] UKHL 47 negligence, and proving breach




247 Transco plc v Stockport MBC [2003] UKHL 61 the rule in Rylands v Fletcher




248 Turnbull v Warrener [2012] EWCA Civ 412 liability for animals




249 Van Colle v CC of Hertfordshire Police [2008] UKHL 50 negligence, and duty of care (police)




250 Viasystems (Tyneside) Ltd v Thermal Transfer (Northern) Ltd [2005] EWCA Civ 1151 vicarious liability




251 Vowles v Evans [2003] EWCA Civ 318 negligence, and proving breach




252 W v Essex CC [2000] UKHL 17 negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury




253 Wainwright v Home Office [2003] UKHL 53 privacy; the tort in Wilkinson v Downton; and defences




254 Watt v Hertfordshire CC [1954] EWCA Civ 6 negligence, and proving breach




255 Welsh Water v Barratt Homes Ltd [2013] EWCA Civ 233 private nuisance; and breach of statutory duty




256 Wheat v E Lacon & Co Ltd [1966] UKHL 1 occupiers' liability




257 White (Frost) v CC of South Yorkshire Police [1998] UKHL 45 negligently-inflicted psychiatric injury




258 White v Jones [1995] UKHL 5 negligent provision of services causing pure economic loss




259 White v Withers LLP [2009] EWCA Civ 1122 trespass to chattels




260 Whitehead v Searle [2008] EWCA Civ 1093 negligence, and 'wrongful birth'




261 Wildtree Hotels Ltd v Harrow LBC [2001] 2 AC 1 public nuisance, and statutory compensation




262 Wilkinson v Downton [1897] EWHC 1 intentional infliction of mental distress




263 Willers v Joyce (Re: Gubay deceased) [2016] UKSC 43
[2016] UKSC 44-
malicious prosecution of civil proceedings [2 cases from the same year]




264 Wilsons & Clyde Co Ltd v English [1937] UKHL 2 employers' liability, and sub-duties of care




265 Wilsher v Essex AHA [1987] UKHL 11
[1987] QB 730
[1987] 2 WLR 425
[1986] 3 All ER 801
negligence, standard of care, and causation




266 WM Morrisons v Various Claimants [2020] UKSC 12 vicarious liability




267 Woodland v Essex CC [2013] UKSC 66 non-delegable duties of care




268 Wooldridge v Sumner [1962] EWCA Civ 3 negligence, standard of care, and proving breach




269 X (minors) v Bedfordshire CC [1995] 2 AC 633
[1995] 3 WLR 152
[1995] 3 All ER 353
public authority liability in negligence; breach of statutory duty




270 Youssoupoff v Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures Ltd 1934 defamation




271 Zurich Insurance plc v International Energy Group Ltd [2015] UKSC 33 negligence, causation, and material contribution to risk